AARP, the association for retirees in America, is very pro-active in the area of liveability. They have produced a set of Livability Fact Sheets. The goal is to help towns, cities and communities to become safe, healthier, more walkable and overall livable for people of all ages. There are eleven four page fact sheets which include bicycle use and lanes, density, economic development, parking, footpaths, street trees and traffic calming.
Thecomplete collection of Fact Sheets is downloadablefrom the AARP website. Each one has a first page that gives an overview, Myth-Busting is tackled on the second, the third is How to Get it Right, and the fourth page, Success Stories. A practical and pragmatic set of Fact Sheets to suit a variety of users. It is also available in Spanish.
Lindsay Perry posed this question at the ACAA/UD conference held in Melbourne October 2015. In this presentation she provides examples that relate to the classic seven principles of universal design. The second part of her presentation contains a quick survey of friends, family and work colleagues. She asked them, “When you go out for the day, what is the main thing you rely on to be able to travel through and navigate the built environment? What irritates you?” The responses all relate to wayfinding – knowing where you are and having signs that make sense. Download the PDF of the presentation here.
A short paper by Kalevi Rantanen shows how to combine the principles of universal design and design-for-all with the 40 principles of TRIZ. It gives another perspective on how to apply the principles of universal design in a problem solving context.
The title of the paper is, “Homes for Strong Families, Children, Seniors and All Others. How Universal Design, Design for All and Forty Principles of TRIZ Enforce Each Other”. TRIZ is the Russian acronym for “Theory of Inventive Problem Solving”.
The 40 Principles of TRIZ are a list of simple, and easy to learn rules for solving technical and non-technical problems quickly and simply. Studying these existing solutions can inspire people to solve new problems and imagine innovative solutions. They show how and where others have successfully eliminated contradictions. They take us to the proven, powerful recorded solutions contained in the patent database. These 40 Inventive Principles help solve both technical and non-technical problems.
The Norwegian Government has taken the principles of universal design and applied them across all policies to create maximum inclusion. This makes everyone responsible for inclusion at every level – in the built environment, outdoor areas, transport, and ICT. In 2008, the Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion, launched its first Action Plan 2009-2013, which sets the goal of Norway being universally designed by 2025. In 2010, Norway amended its Planning and Building Act to include universal design. In 2016, The Delta Centre was given responsibility, and funding, to coordinate the actions in the 2015-2019 plan. This plan is more comprehensive and covers ICT and communications to a more detailed level. This is in recognition of how we are becoming more reliant on digital applications.