Dementia friendly dwellings are not exclusive – a universal design approach means that anyone can live in them. Creating new and existing dementia-friendly dwellings is the topic of a comprehensive guide from Ireland.
The Centre for Excellence in Universal Design in Ireland have also published the extensive research that underpins the guidelines. Although the resource has a focus on conditions in Ireland, there is good information for everyone. It includes useful examples and design checklists.
There are five sections to the guidelines that can be downloaded separately: Introduction, Location and Approach, Entering, Exiting and Moving Around, Spaces for Living, and Elements and Systems. Or you can download the sizeable guide in one go.
Apart from some of the other issues of ageing (although dementia can be experienced at any age), key factors to be considered in the design are:
● Impaired rational thinking, judgement, and problem-solving
● Difficulty with memory (initially short-term but progressing over time to long-term memory difficulties)
● Problems learning new things
● Increasing dependence on the senses
● Fear anxiety and increased sensitivity to the built and psycho-social environment