A comprehensive study of home design for ageing in place by Swedish researcher Roya Bamzar provides good design guidance for modifications of existing apartments and new builds. Using the seven principles of universal design in the case study, Bamzar assesses the main rooms in the home: bedroom, bathroom, kitchen and living room. The safety features that accrue through applying UD are an important factor in reducing accidents and falls, as well as providing greater convenience and useability. Bamzar has used the 1997 original principles of universal design as a metric, but this may not be the most useful guide to measuring outcomes in this case. However, this is an important study in the area of specialised senior housing design and how modifications can improve safety, use of space, and quality of life. Over-furnishing, as shown in the picture, is a problem for many older people who are attached to their belongings and can cause difficulties for moving around the home.
The title of the article is: Assessing the safety and quality of the indoor environment of senior housing: a Swedish case study.
This paper is one of four as a result of Roya Bamzar’s doctoral thesis.
Architectural solution to sustainable, affordable and community-focused living in Melbourne, Jeremy McLeod of Breathe Architecture presents the Nightingale model.
Between urban compression and urban sprawl, Jeremy suggests an architecture of reduction, which provides moderation of these housing models. Using architecture as a catalyst to engage and generate interaction, Nightingale supports communication and community. Jeremy also explains how they side-stepped the property developer control of design and put it back in the hands of architects.
Through a triple bottom line approach – financial return, sustainable and liveable, Jeremy’s vision provides a universal design approach to the housing product.
Watch Jeremy’s TEDxStKilda talk below:
The United Nations’ Special Rapporteur on the right to adequate housing invites organisations to complete her survey. Governments, human rights institutions, organisations and networks, including organisations of persons with disability, and other relevant stakeholders, are encouraged to share contributions and inputs for her report. She welcomes information on innovative approaches and successful programmatic and legislative initiatives as well. The survey questionnaire can be accessed in English, French and Spanish by going to the webpage to download in Word or PDF.
There does not seem to be an Easy English version. There are 8 questions – below are the first three:
- Please explain how the right to housing of persons with disabilities is guaranteed in domestic law, including constitutional provisions and human rights legislation.
- Please provide any useful statistical indicators, analysis or reports regarding housing condition of persons with disabilities, the extent of homelessness and discrimination, (including failure to provide reasonable accommodation) in the private or public sectors. Please also provide references to any documentation (written, visual or otherwise) of the lived experiences of the housing conditions of people with disabilities.
- Please provide data on the number of persons with disabilities living in residential institutions and relevant information on the progress towards developing or implementing deinstitutionalisation strategies to facilitate a sustained transition from institutions to community based living arrangements.
More than any room in the house, the kitchen needs to be a place where tasks can be done easily and efficiently. Kitchens are also an important area for social interactions during meal preparation and clean up. As people age, more thought needs to go into kitchen design to overcome issues such as reaching, bending, grasping and holding. However, this should not mean a complete kitchen renovation if these issues are considered in the original kitchen design.
Kitchen Living in Later Life: Exploring Ergonomic Problems, Coping Strategies and Design Solutions is the result of research from different disciplines in the UK. As an academic paper there are some technical references, but the reports of the interviews with older people are quite revealing. Reaching and bending caused the most problems, as well as grasping and lifting. Lighting was also an issue, especially for reading the small print on packaging. The article proposes solutions, some of them related to rearranging things for ease of use.
As kitchens in the UK include a washing machine (there are no separate laundry areas in the home) the research extended to laundry tasks. Ironing proved to be the most difficult. An interesting study, particularly as we can all relate to both good and bad kitchen design and fitout. This is especially the case with, say, a broken wrist, or slipped disc, which can happen to anyone at any time.
Related topics are kitchen appliances, and the work at the University of Cambridge Inclusive Design team and their online Inclusive Design Toolkit.
Without asking older people, politicians and planners make frequent calls for older Australians to give up their three bedroom homes to make way for “working families” and move into apartments. Regardless of a somewhat ageist inference that older people are “hogging all the houses”, with the political focus on working families, little room is left to discuss the housing needs of older cohorts. Research by Bruce Judd and his team at UNSW on downsizing found that the majority of older people want to stay put, not move into apartments. But there still remains the question, will these homes support them in their latter years? This is a discussion that the Australian Network for Universal Housing Design has been chasing for many years, but with little political or market success. Within the older cohorts the number of people with dementia is expected to rise significantly, but not much thought has been given to their housing needs.
A newly published article, Housing and age friendly communities policies for future direction – A stepped approach puts the spotlight on this issue. Participants in the study were representatives from peak housing organisations, including strata managers, and advocacy organisations to assess how well their membership were prepared for this group.
The article comes from the International Research Forum on Multi-owned Properties Deakin University, Melbourne 9-10th February 2017.
The picture was taken in Dubai, UAE.
Michael Bleasdale of Home Modifications Australia presented a paper on home modifications at the universal design conference in Nagoya, Japan last December. With co-author Paul Smith from Foundations (UK) the paper aims to identify best practice in applying grant systems and funding models that successfully address the policy and budgetary challenges of enabling people to age in place. The title of the paper is, The contribution of home modifications to age-friendly communities: improving the current housing stock. With consumer-based funding models being established, services such as home modifications will be based on a market-based model rather than a social service model. See also the call for papers for the Home Modifications Conference 2017.
Editor’s note: While the authors mention the “percentage of newly built housing (around 2% in Australia, 220,00 dwellings in 2015)” as being a relatively small figure, it should be remembered that this is an annual figure. This means 200,000 dwellings a year becomes 2 million dwellings in ten years. If all new housing were built with basic access features suitable for most people, eventually we would no longer be creating homes that need government money to make them suitable for ageing in place, or at a minimum, make them visitable for people using mobility devices.
Picture: The picture shows a newly built home with steps to the front door. While the garage is providing level entry at the front, it has steps at the back for entry into the house. The front entry could have been made level with the garage.