The Seven Principles of Universal Design are well known in the universal design world. For many years they’ve been used as a guide by design professionals. The IDeA Center at the University at Buffalo has taken these principles and made them more practical.
The 8 Goals of Universal Design© define the outcomes of UD practice in ways that can be measured and applied to all design domains within the constraints of existing resources. The Goals complement the 7 Principles of Universal Design, which still stand as general principles. Briefly, the 8 Goals are:
- Body Fit
- Social integration
- Cultural appropriateness
The IDeA Center was concerned that the principles were based on Western norms. So they added cultural appropriateness to the list. The 8 Goals also link better to other universal design knowledge.
The IDeA website adds, “The 8 Goals of Universal Design define the outcomes of Universal Design practice in ways that can be measured and applied to all design domains within the constraints of existing resources. In addition, they encompass functional, social, and emotional dimensions. Moreover, each goal is supported by an interdisciplinary knowledge base (e.g., anthropometrics, biomechanics, perception, cognition, safety, health promotion, and social interaction).”
The goals were devised by Steinfeld and Maisel, 2012 ©